What is it?
This very common STI affects both men and women. It is often referred to as ”the silent one” because the majority of people infected do not have symptoms. Chlamydia is one of the most common causes of NGU in men (see NGU). Chlamydia can affect the urethra (urine passage in the penis), cervix, rectum, throat and eyes. Chlamydia is most often transmitted through unprotected vaginal and anal sex.
How would I know if I have Chlamydia?
Symptoms may appear between 7 to 21 days after infection, but are often mild or absent. Symptoms may include a discharge from the penis, pain when passing urine, abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain or pain during sex.
How do you test for Chlamydia?
Chlamydia can be detected by a swab collected from the cervix, urethra or anus or by a urine sample. It is important not to pass urine for a minimum of two hours prior to having this test.
What is the treatment for Chlamydia?
Chlamydia is rapidly and reliably cured by the correct antibiotics.
Are there any complications?
If Chlamydia is inadequately treated or not treated it may decrease fertility in both men and women or progress to pelvic inflammatory disease in women.
Do sexual partners need treatment?
All sexual partners in the last few months exposed by vaginal or anal sex without a condom should be informed, offered testing and treatment, irrespective of whether they have symptoms. As some people may unknowingly carry Chlamydia for months, pervious partners may need contacting too.
How is the transmission of Chlamydia prevented?
Using condoms for vaginal or anal sex is the most effective preventive method.